Two departments i.e. 1. Monopolies & Trading Abuses 2. Cartels & Investigation were merged to form the department of Cartels and Trade Abuses. The department conducts enquiries & investigations for possible contraventions of Section 3 & Section 4 including inter alia :-
1. Abusive practices of dominant undertakings including but not limited to :-
- limiting production, sales and unreasonable increases in price or other unfair trading conditions;
- price discriminations, predatory pricing, tie-ins, boycotting, refusal to deal
2. Prohibited Agreements: No undertaking or association of undertakings shall enter into any agreement or, in the case of an association of undertakings, shall make a decision in respect of the production, supply, distribution, acquisition or control of goods or the provision of services which have the object or effect of preventing, restricting or reducing or distorting competition within the relevant market unless exempted under section 5 of this Act.
In future the department intends to:-
- Focus on relatively unexplored areas of public procurement, bid rigging, collusive tendering and other similar section 4 violations.
- be more vigilant in matters regarding the conduct of dominant undertakings for potential violations of Section 3 and on the conduct of trade associations for suspected cartelization
- Focus on capacity building of the department, especially in the areas of detection of cartels, digital evidence gathering, quantitative analysis and other investigation skills.
- build up a coordination and information sharing mechanism with other competition/anti trust organizations